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Word families- the ^ ‘u’ sound as in bus – u, er, or, ar, a, e, i, ure, o, ou, our

The ^ – ‘u’ sound as in ‘bus’ – spelling alternatives-examples

Arriva London Routemaster RML2401 (JJD 401D) route 83 branding Piccadilly Circus.jpg

photo:Kameragrl

u- bus

 adult, blunt, bud, bug, bump, bun, cup, chuck, chunk, cluck, clumsy, crumb, crunch, crust, cut, deduct, duck, drudge, drum, drunk, dull, dump, dust, erupt, fudge, fun, fuss, glug, glum, glutton, grub, grudge, gruff, grumble, grunge, gull, gum, gun, gunk, guppy  , gust, gut, hut, hunt, hundred, judder, jug, jump, just, luck, lug, lull, lunch, lung, lunge, lust, muck, mud, mug, mum, munch, mundane, musket, must, mutt, mutton, nub, nudge, nugget, null, numb, number, nun, nuptial, plum, plumb, plummet, plunder, plunge, plus, pub, public, puff, pug, pummel, pump, punk, punt, pus, putt, rub, rubber, ruck, rudder, ruddy, rugby, rugged, rum, rumble, run, rung, rust, russet, rut, substitute, submerge, sub-* lots, suck, sudden, suds, suffer, sulk, sully, sultan, sultana, sultry,  sum, summer, summit, sump, sumptuous, sun, Sunday, sup, supper, supplant, supply,  suss, sustain, suspect, sustenance…

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                                                                             Photo credit: alvimann from morguefile.com 

er- digger

lots of these words stem from being a ‘doer’- e.g. from the verb ;- play becomes the noun player, sing – singer, teacher, runner, builder, driver, racer, learner, walker, writer, skater, painter, juggler, joker etc.

others- (often to describe dimensions)

after, afterwards, anger, another, antler, banger, batter, bigger, blister, blunder, crater, cracker, critter, danger, dinner, doubter, eastern, enter, fighter, girder, ginger, greater, higher, hanger, hunger, jumper, longer, manner, mister, monster, northern, other, patter, pattern, pepper, quarter, quicker, roster, sister, smaller, southern, summer, super, supper, taller, ticker, tiger, under, western, winter, wonder, yesterday, younger

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 GNU Free Documentation License – Author : Medienfabrik Trier

or- Gladiators

when a word stem ends in -it, -ate, or -ct then usually the or spelling is used but there are others- 

accelerator, actor, adaptor, advisor, alligator, ancestor, anchor, author, aviator, bachelor, calculator, capacitor, captor, carburettor, collector, conspirator, contractor, contributor, councillor, decorator, defector, descriptor, detector, dictator, director, doctor, donor, editor, educator, elevator, eliminator, factor, generator, governor, horror, illustrator, imitator, incinerator, incisor, inferior, innovator, inspector, instructor, insulator, interior, inventor, investor, junior, juror, laminator, major, manor, mayor, microprocessor, minor, mirror, monitor, motor, narrator, navigator, possessor, prior, radiator, razor, reactor, refrigerator, regulator, renovator, resistor, rotor, rotator, sailor, scissors, sculptor, sector, selector, senior, sensor, solicitor, spectator, sponsor, superior, supervisor, surveyor, survivor, tailor, terror, tractor, traitor, translator, tremor, vector, vendor, ventilator, victor, visitor, warrior

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                                                                     Photo credit: frenchbyte from morguefile.com

ar- sugar

loads of these ‘ar’ spellings end in -lar

beggar, binoculars, burglar, calendar, caterpillar, cellar, cheddar, circular, collar, custard, dollar, exemplar, familiar, grammar, insular, irregular, liar, molar, molecular, muscular, peculiar, perpendicular, pillar, scholar, similar, singular, spectacular, stellar, triangular, vicar

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photo: http://www.wpclipart.com

a- camera

 away, ahead, arise, animal, agenda, Alaska, algebra, amnesia, bacteria, ballerina, banana, bonanza, cafeteria, cantata, cerebral, celestial, charisma, China, cinema, cola, data, delta, dilemma, drama, enigma, extra, fatal, gala, gorilla, harmonica, hernia, idea, inertia, koala, lava, llama, magma, mania, marimba, marina, mascara, medal, media, mocha, mozzarella, nebula, nirvana, nostalgia, ocarina, ocean, omega, opera, orchestra, panda, pasta, peninsula, phobia, piranha, pizza, plasma, polka, puma, petal, quadrant, replica, riviera, radial, Roman, rota, scuba, spatula, stigma, supernova, tapioca, tiara, tortilla, trivia(l), tuba, tuna, umbrella, vanilla, vendetta, Vera, Veronica, Victoria, vodka, woman, yoga, zebra

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 Alien icon

e – alien

awaken, awoken, barren, brazen, brighten, broaden, broken, burden, children, chosen, citizen, dampen, darken, deepen, eaten, eleven, even, fallen, fasten, fatten, flatten, forgiven, forgotten, forsaken, frighten, frozen, garden, given, glisten, golden, happen, harden, haven, heaven, hidden, laden, lengthen, lessen, lighten, linen, listen, loosen, mistaken, moisten, molten, nitrogen, often, olden, open, oven, oxygen, proven, quicken, raven, ripen, roughen, sadden, seven, siren, silken, siren, slacken, specimen, stolen, spoken, straighten, stricken, sudden, sullen, swollen, taken, thicken, tinsel, toughen, vixen, warden, warren, wooden, woven, worsen

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                                                                           Photo credit: mconnors from morguefile.com

i – pencil

basil, civil, devil, fossil, pupil, stencil, weevil

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Treasure chest color

ure – treasure

usually follows an s or t

adventure, architecture, agriculture, brochure, capture, closure, configure, conjure, creature, culture, curvature, denture, disclosure, enclosure, expenditure, exposure, failure, figure, feature, fracture, furniture, gesture, injure, lecture, leisure, literature, manufacture, measure, miniature, mixture, moisture, nature, nurture, overture, picture, pleasure, pressure, procedure, puncture, rapture, rupture, scripture, sculpture, seizure, stature, structure, temperature, texture, torture, vulture

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welsh dragon Pictures, Images and Photos

photo

o – dragon

accomplice, another, bacon, beacon, bishop, brother, cannon, canyon, carbon, cauldron, common, cover, crimson, deacon, demon, falcon, flagon, gammon, glove, govern, jargon, klaxon, lexicon, lemon, lesson, lion, love, mason, matron, mother, other, pardon, phenomenon, piston, prison, salmon, sermon, skeleton, sponge, squadron, ribbon, tendon, tenon, wagon, weapon, won, wonder

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Camo1

ou – camouflage

borough, country, doubloon, double, enough, nourish, rough, southern, tough, trouble 

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                 (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html

Spectrum4websiteEval

our – colour

armour, behaviour, clamour, favour, flavour, harbour, honour, humour, labour, neighbour, odour, parlour, rigour, rumour, saviour, savour, splendour, tumour, vapour, vigour



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Word Families- words with the 3r sound- er, ir, or, ear, ur….

Examples of words in the ‘ir’ as in ‘bird’ word families


er- (clerk-depends where you’re from!), confer, covert, defer, desert (leave), fern, her, herd, hers, iceberg, infer , inter, jerk, kerb, kernel, overt, perjury, pert, pertinent, refer, serf, serpent, stern, term, tern, transfer, verb, were

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or- work, world, worm, worse, worship, worst, worsted, worthy, word

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affirm, birch, bird, birdbath etc , birth, blackbird, chirp, circa, circle- lots of derivatives >> circular, circuit, circumference, circumflex, circus, confirm, dirge, dirt, dirty, fir, firm, first, flirt, gird, girder, girdle, girl, girth, hirsute, infirm, irk, ladybird, mirth, quirk, shirk, shirt, sir, smirk, squirm, stir, swirl, third, thirsty, thirteen, twirl, virgin, virtual, virtue, virtuoso, whirl, whirr, zircon(i)a 

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ur- absurd, blur, blurb, blurt, burble, burden, burger, burglar, burgle, burgundy, burly, burn, burnt, burp, burr, bursar, bursary, burst, church, churlish, churn, concur, cur, curb, curd, curdle, curfew, curl, curly, curse, cursor, curt, curtail, curvature, curve, discursive, disturb, expurgate, fur, furlong, furnace, furnish, furniture, furry, further, furtive, gurgle, hurdle, hurl, hurt, hurtle, incur, lurch, lurk, murder, murky, murmur, nocturne, nurse, nurture, occur, perturb, purple, (re)furbish, (un)furl

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earth, earthquake, heard, hearse, learn, learner, learning, pearl, rehearse, research, search, year, yearn

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oddities-

adjourn, journey (bound to be more here)

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