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Spelling patterns/Word families- the ^ ‘u’ sound as in bus – u, er, or, ar, a, e, i, ure, o, ou, our


The ^ – ‘u’ sound as in ‘bus’ – spelling alternatives-examples

Arriva London Routemaster RML2401 (JJD 401D) route 83 branding Piccadilly Circus.jpg

photo:Kameragrl

u- bus

adult, blunt, bud, bug, bump, bun, cup, chuck, chunk, cluck, clumsy, crumb, crunch, crust, cut, deduct, duck, drudge, drum, drunk, dull, dump, dust, erupt, fudge, fun, fuss, glug, glum, glutton, grub, grudge, gruff, grumble, grunge, gull, gum, gun, gunk, guppy , gust, gut, hut, hunt, hundred, judder, jug, jump, just, luck, lug, lull, lunch, lung, lunge, lust, muck, mud, mug, mum, munch, mundane, musket, must, mutt, mutton, nub, nudge, nugget, null, numb, number, nun, nuptial, plum, plumb, plummet, plunder, plunge, plus, pub, public, puff, pug, pummel, pump, punk, punt, pus, putt, rub, rubber, ruck, rudder, ruddy, rugby, rugged, rum, rumble, run, rung, rust, russet, rut, substitute, submerge, sub-* lots, suck, sudden, suds, suffer, sulk, sully, sultan, sultana, sultry,  sum, summer, summit, sump, sumptuous, sun, Sunday, sup, supper, supplant, supply,  suss, sustain, suspect, sustenance…

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Photo credit: alvimann from morguefile.com

er- digger

lots of these words stem from being a ‘doer’- e.g. from the verb ;- play becomes the noun player, sing – singer, teacher, runner, builder, driver, racer, learner, walker, writer, skater, painter, juggler, joker etc.

others- (often to describe dimensions)

after, afterwards, anger, antler, banger, batter, bigger, blister, blunder, crater, cracker, critter, danger, dinner, doubter, eastern, enter, fighter, girder, ginger, greater, higher, hanger, hunger, jumper, longer, manner, mister, monster, northern, patter, pattern, pepper, quarter, quicker, roster, sister, smaller, southern, summer, super, supper, taller, ticker, tiger, under, western, winter, wonder, yesterday, younger

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GNU Free Documentation License – Author : Medienfabrik Trier

or- Gladiators

when a word stem ends in -it, -ate, or -ct then usually the or spelling is used but there are others-

accelerator, actor, adaptor, advisor, alligator, ancestor, anchor, author, aviator, bachelor, calculator, capacitor, captor, carburettor, collector, conspirator, contractor, contributor, councillor, decorator, defector, descriptor, detector, dictator, director, doctor, donor, editor, educator, elevator, eliminator, factor, generator, governor, horror, illustrator, imitator, incinerator, incisor, inferior, innovator, inspector, instructor, insulator, interior, inventor, investor, junior, juror, laminator, major, manor, mayor, microprocessor, minor, mirror, monitor, motor, narrator, navigator, possessor, prior, radiator, razor, reactor, refrigerator, regulator, renovator, resistor, rotor, rotator, sailor, scissors, sculptor, sector, selector, senior, sensor, solicitor, spectator, sponsor, superior, supervisor, surveyor, survivor, tailor, terror, tractor, traitor, translator, tremor, vector, vendor, ventilator, victor, visitor, warrior

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Photo credit: frenchbyte from morguefile.com

ar- sugar

loads of these ‘ar’ spellings end in -lar

beggar, binoculars, burglar, calendar, caterpillar, cellar, cheddar, circular, collar, custard, dollar, exemplar, familiar, grammar, insular, irregular, liar, molar, molecular, muscular, peculiar, perpendicular, pillar, scholar, similar, singular, spectacular, stellar, triangular, vicar

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photo: http://www.wpclipart.com

a- camera

another, away, ahead, arise, animal, agenda, Alaska, algebra, amnesia, bacteria, ballerina, banana, bonanza, cafeteria, cantata, cerebral, celestial, charisma, China, cinema, cola, data, delta, dilemma, drama, enigma, extra, fatal, gala, gorilla, harmonica, hernia, idea, inertia, koala, lava, llama, magma, mania, marimba, marina, mascara, medal, media, mocha, mozzarella, nebula, nirvana, nostalgia, ocarina, ocean, omega, opera, orchestra, panda, pasta, peninsula, phobia, piranha, pizza, plasma, polka, puma, petal, quadrant, replica, riviera, radial, Roman, rota, scuba, spatula, stigma, supernova, tapioca, tiara, tortilla, trivia(l), tuba, tuna, umbrella, vanilla, vendetta, Vera, Veronica, Victoria, vodka, woman, yoga, zebra

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Alien icon

e – alien

awaken, awoken, barren, brazen, brighten, broaden, broken, burden, children, chosen, citizen, dampen, darken, deepen, eaten, eleven, even, fallen, fasten, fatten, flatten, forgiven, forgotten, forsaken, frighten, frozen, garden, given, glisten, golden, happen, harden, haven, heaven, hidden, laden, lengthen, lessen, lighten, linen, listen, loosen, mistaken, moisten, molten, nitrogen, often, olden, open, oven, oxygen, proven, quicken, raven, ripen, roughen, sadden, seven, siren, silken, siren, slacken, specimen, stolen, spoken, straighten, stricken, sudden, sullen, swollen, taken, thicken, tinsel, toughen, vixen, warden, warren, wooden, woven, worsen

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Photo credit: mconnors from morguefile.com

i – pencil

basil, civil, devil, fossil, pupil, stencil, weevil

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Treasure chest color

ure – treasure

usually follows an s or t

adventure, architecture, agriculture, brochure, capture, closure, configure, conjure, creature, culture, curvature, denture, disclosure, enclosure, expenditure, exposure, failure, figure, feature, fracture, furniture, gesture, injure, lecture, leisure, literature, manufacture, measure, miniature, mixture, moisture, nature, nurture, overture, picture, pleasure, pressure, procedure, puncture, rapture, rupture, scripture, sculpture, seizure, stature, structure, temperature, texture, torture, vulture

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welsh dragon Pictures, Images and Photos

photo

o – dragon

accomplice, bacon, beacon, bishop, brother, cannon, canyon, carbon, cauldron, common, cover, crimson, deacon, demon, falcon, flagon, gammon, glove, govern, jargon, klaxon, lexicon, lemon, lesson, lion, love, mason, matron, mother, pardon, phenomenon, piston, prison, salmon, sermon, skeleton, sponge, squadron, ribbon, tendon, tenon, wagon, weapon, won, wonder

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Camouflage

ou – camouflage

borough, country, doubloon, double, enough, nourish, rough, tough, trouble

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Spectrum4websiteEval

our – colour

armour, behaviour, clamour, favour, flavour, harbour, honour, humour, labour, neighbour, odour, parlour, rigour, rumour, saviour, savour, splendour, tumour, vapour, vigour


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